ANAPHORIC AND CATAPHORIC REFERENCE PDF

When we speak or write we often refer to things that were mentioned earlier, haven’t been mentioned yet, or were mentioned in another context. Cataphoric Reference: A cataphoric reference unit refers to another unit that is introduced later on in the text/speech. To understand the unit refered to by a. Anaphoric and Cataphoric References. Anaphoric Reference. When we speak or write, we refer back to something that has already been mentioned or make a.

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In this case, the reason might be that this is often used to refer to what came immediately before; but in general the use of this and that is rather unpredictable. So, in the context I have assumed for the OP I would use this.

Is it ‘this’ or ‘that’ that conveys an anaphoric reference? A question on anaphoric and cataphoric references Ask Question. The book was there on the table. Some people dug znaphoric 2 others tried crashing through checkpoints with cars, trucks, or busses; 3 still others flew out in small airplanes or balloons.

Here are some examples of cataphoric reference: Post Your Answer Discard By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of serviceprivacy policy and cookie policyand that your continued use of the rrference is subject to these policies. He referecne to Michael.

Anaphoric reference occurs when a word or phrase refers to something mentioned earlier catzphoric the discourse. Anaphoric reference means that a word refers back to another word for its meaning, previously mentioned words, Cataphoric referencewhich means a word in a text refers to another later in the text and you need to look forward to understand, subsequent words.

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Does Swann say why it is to be preferred? In general, which would you prefer for a position on evolution, or nuclear physics, or geology, or grammar: The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language in its section p on anaphoric uses of this and that with noun phrases as antecedents states:. The OP and other viewers will presumably decide if my answer is helpful or not.

I found it interesting that Swan provided a possible explanation for my intuitive slight preference for this in OP’s context. My answer offers an extract from the current gold standard in dataphoric grammars CGEL and a very good prescriptive grammar for English language learners Swan. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

The book refers to Moby Dick. This was a turning point in his career: Some desperate people tried scrambling over a barbed-wire fence or a wall. Both the object and it refer back to a small box in the first sentence. Post as a guest Name. What is exophoric reference? Anaphoric reference means that a word refers back regerence another word for its meaning, previously mentioned words.

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Leave a comment Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. It is andd that the OP’s sentence will be followed by something more on the new subject academic eagerness.

He was annoyed because it was closed. They refers to some people outside the discourse known to both speakers.

Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language in its section p on anaphoric uses of this and that with noun phrases as antecedents states: Email Required, but never shown.

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ANAPHORIC VS. CATAPHORIC REFERENCES | English IV

It is true that I wrote critical and analytical essays on a regular basis; thathowever, did not satisfy my academic eagerness. Thisas the more present or proximal pronoun, may also better convey the sense that what is being referred to is relevant in the present context for example, an application letter or cv. And by whom it is to be preferred? anxphoric

Perhaps Swan has identified a particular context where there is “a non-negligible effect on the meaning”. It also refers to something that both speakers know about perhaps the dinner. I also engaged in research Sign up using Email and Password.

The use of exophoric reference requires some shared knowledge between two speakers, or between writer and reader s. A strange situation, indeed.

For many years, East German people devised 1 creative ways to sneak out of East Germany. Here are some examples of exophoric reference: In contrast, Swan in Practical English Usage p does detect a slight difference: Then, since Swann’s book is for non-native speakers, he must prefer for them to speak by rules that catapohric different from the ones that native speakers use, which are what Huddleston and Pullum report.

Either word is possible, but this ans better.

If there is another standard reference with unquestioned facts about this particular usage it would be useful to know what it is.