Hypolipidemic agents, or antihyperlipidemic agents, are a diverse group of pharmaceuticals that are used in the treatment of high levels of fats (lipids), such as cholesterol, in the blood (hyperlipidemia). They are called lipid-lowering drugs . The sites of action of several antihyperlipidemic drugs are shown. .. on LDL cholesterol, they are often combined with other antilipidemic drugs for treatment of. Antihyperlipidemic Drugs Dr Ahmed Bader Faculty of Medicine, Menoufiya University, Egypt.
|Published (Last):||13 October 2016|
|PDF File Size:||6.84 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||5.36 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
FDA Approves New Cholesterol-Lowering Drug – Scientific American
Colesevelam Colestilan Colestipol Colestyramine Colextran. They are called lipid-lowering drugs. The available drugs today for the treatment of dyslipidemia are small organic molecules or nonabsorbable polymers for binding of bile acids to be applied orally.
The scope of the approval was similar to the approval given to the Regeneron drug, Praluent alirocumabwhich was approved for patients with cardiovascular disease and those with HeFH. If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don’t have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your library’s reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus.
The companies are conducting cardiovascular outcomes trials to determine whether their ability to dramatically lower bad LDL cholesterol will lead to fewer heart attacks, strokes and deaths. But it is not yet known whether their cholesterol-lowering power will translate into a reduced number of heart attacks.
The lipoproteins that are primarily responsible for delivering cholesterol and triglycerides to peripheral tissues originate in the liver and contain a key apoprotein called B Major focus lies on approaches to LDL-lowering drugs superior to statins with regard to efficacy, safety, and antilipidfmic compliance and on approaches modifying plasma levels and functionality of HDL particles based on the clinically validated inverse relationship between high-plasma HDL levels and the risk for CVD.
Please enter User Name Password Error: The five classes of lipid-lowering druvs. Praluent is given every other week by injection in doses of 75 mg or mg. Please enter User Name. Accessed December 31, This page was last edited on 23 Februaryat Heart attacks, angina pectoris, peripheral arterial disease, and strokes are common sequelae of atherosclerosis.
Search within a content type, and even narrow to one or more resources. The treatment of lipid disorders was revolutionized with the introduction of statins which have become the most important therapeutic option available today to reduce and prevent atherosclerosis and its detrimental consequences like cardiovascular diseases and stroke. America’s Health Insurance Plans, the industry trade group, has protested the high price of Praluent, saying it has concerns about the health system’s ability to sustain the long-term costs.
Although the drugs are generally safe and effective, adverse effects include drug—drug interactions and rare toxic reactions rdugs skeletal muscle and the liver. Amgen said it plans to make the monthly dosing option available druge year.
The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. HDL participates in pathways that retrieve cholesterol from the artery wall antilipideic inhibit the oxidation of atherogenic lipoproteins.
Engorged foam cells, foam cells that have burst, and the products of the inflammatory responses form the core of an atherosclerotic plaque. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Pop-up div Successfully Displayed This div only appears when the trigger link is hovered over. These classes are based on the mechanisms of action of these drugs.
Repatha was approved to treat patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia HeFH and patients with the rarer homozygous HoFH form of the disease.
Available for Android and iOS devices. Jump to a Section Antihyperlipidemic Drugs: Anticancer agents Antimetabolites Alkylating Spindle poisons Antineoplastic Topoisomerase inhibitors. Please enter Password Forgot Username? The uptake by cells of B—containing lipoproteins can occur by receptor-mediated endocytosis or by scavenger receptors.
For example, some may lower the “bad cholesterol” low density lipoprotein LDL more so than others, while others may preferentially increase high density lipoprotein HDL”the good cholesterol”. Antidotes Contrast media Radiopharmaceuticals Dressings Senotherapeutics. There are several classes of hypolipidemic drugs.
About MyAccess If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don’t have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your library’s reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus.
Types of Antihyperlipidemic agents Please refer to the drug classes listed below for further information.
Sign in via OpenAthens. Lipoproteins are composed of a lipid core surrounded by apolipoproteins that regulate the uptake and off-loading of lipids and interactions with cell membrane receptors.
Whereas plaques can slowly occlude coronary and cerebral vessels, clinical symptoms are more frequently precipitated by rupture of unstable plaques, leading to occlusive thrombi. Some antihyperlipidemic agents aim to lower the levels of low-density lipoprotein LDL cholesterol, some reduce triglyceride levels, and some help raise the high-density lipoprotein HDL cholesterol.
Clinically, the choice of an agent will depend on the patient’s cholesterol profilecardiovascular riskand the liver and kidney functions of the patient, evaluated against the balancing of risks and benefits of the medications.
Repatha is given as a mg antillipidemic every qntilipidemic week or as a antiliipidemic injection of mg. Sign up for our email newsletter. Atherosclerosis is the abnormal accumulation of lipids and products resulting from an inflammatory response in the walls of arteries, and is the leading cause of death in the Western world.
This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
List of Antihyperlipidemic agents – Generics Only –
The drugs are more potent than traditional cholesterol-lowering statin drugs, such as Pfizer Inc’s Lipitor. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. View All Subscription Options.