EUTROPHICATION POGIL PDF

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Science Biology Ecology Biogeochemical cycles.

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Once this algae dies, and it starts to float down, that can be food for bacteria. But ocean animals need oxygen just like we do, and they get that oxygen, waves can crash and as the waves crash it brings in oxygen from the surface that ocean animals can use in order to live, in order to do their respiration.

It’s really happening because there’s eutrophiccation nutrients that are allowing these algal blooms or aldral algo, I don’t know, to go out of control and when they decompose pogi, bacteria is sopping up all the oxygen, nothing else can live.

And so this is where that algae is getting over-nourished. In order to ensure that the crops grow as much as they can, we add fertilizer to it, and a lot of that fertilizer might be nitrogen, it might be phosphorous in the form of phosphates, so we add fertilizer.

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But now since they’re getting all of these phosphates, the algae can go crazy.

And pogill is a serious problem. The bacteria will consume all of the oxygen in the water. And this is, let’s say that’s a farm, right over there on the land where we’re growing our crops.

And you might say okay, well why is this bad? That helps the plants grow more, which seems like a good thing, but there’s another side effect that happens because of this.

Eutrophication and dead zones (video) | Khan Academy

But now all of a sudden, if this bacteria, because they’re able to decompose all this algae that is dying, if they’re consuming all of the oxygen, well it depletes the oxygen from the water so that the ocean animals can’t live poyil anymore.

So what has happened is, so let’s say that this right over here is some land. We have some pictures here. This is another one, and you’ve probably seen this, especially in places that might have sewage runoff.

So this is a serious ecological thing that we have to think about. It’s making the water less clear.

And the biggest culprit here tends to be phosphates, the phosphorous in them, and that helps the plants grow more. And because of that, we humans have added a lot of nitrogen and especially phosphates to plants in order to grow them better, because we need the plants to live, to have more food. To log in and use all the features of Khan Academy, please enable JavaScript in your browser.

We’ve already talked about the role of oxygen in respiration. This is potential eutrophication in this picture. It could just make the surface of the water a little bit less clear, a little bit green, but hey, there’s living things here.

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And this is happening on a macro scale. That could be food for bacteria, and as the bacteria consume it, they also use oxygen. It’s getting way more phosphates than would have typically happened just if there wasn’t fertilizer, if there wasn’t this runoff happening. Eutrophication and dead zones. And it actually creates what we call dead zones.

And it comes from, pogll it’s derived from, the Greek for well nourished. We talked about that in the nitrogen and the phosphorous cycle videos. So eutrrophication are all the crops that we’re growing.

Eutrophication and dead zones

If you’re seeing this message, it means we’re having trouble loading external resources on our website. Intro to biogeochemical cycles.

On one level, phosphates and fertilizers, nitrates seem like a good thing, it’s helping us grow more crops, but we have to eutrophlcation very careful with where it actually ends up. You can see the algeal, algal blooms throughout this area.

Well the issue is what happens once this algae dies. Let me show you some more. Let’s say this is a lake of it and we already know that things like phosphates are the rate-limiting factors pogio plants.