Range Description: In south and southeast Asia, this species is found in Brunei Darussalam, southern China, Taiwan, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia. Heritiera littoralis occurs along the coast of eastern Africa from Kenya through Tanzania to Mozambique, in the Indian Ocean islands, tropical Asia, tropical. Trees, to 25 m high, bark vertically fissured; branchlets lepidote. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules free, lateral, cauducous; petiole mm, stout; lamina.

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In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Journal of Natural Products 52 4: A wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life. Drawing of the leaves, flowers, fruit and seed Photograph by: Send a request for permission.

Heritiera littoralis

The seed is occasionally eaten and has been used as a cola substitute. Journal of Ethnopharmacology However, it depends on a habitat type, i. In tropical Asia a seed extract is used to treat diarrhoea and dysentery. The tree is harvested for timber and is valued for its toughness, durability, and resistance to saltwater. Along the coasts of eastern Africa and the Indian Ocean islands it occurs only locally abundantly e.


There are 17 citations in Afrirefs related to Heritiera littoralis Aiton. Demography and Conservation Demography and Conservation.

If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. There are 1 study abstracts related to Heritiera littoralis Aiton. Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern.

Trees of southern Africa.

India Biodiversity Portal

It is recommended for steamed bentwork and when strength and durability are required. Evergreen, monoecious, small to medium-sized tree up to 25 m tall, but usually smaller; bole up to 60 cm in diameter, often twisted and stunted, with thin, wavy and ribbon-like buttresses, heritiefa extending far out; bark fissured, greyish.

The current map showing distribution of species is only indicative. Forest and Kim Starr. This Malvales -related article is a stub.

The wood of Heritiera littoralis is heavy, hard and strong. Last hrritiera on Downloaded on 4 March Seedling with hypogeal germination; first nodes with pairs of stipules only; first leaves comparatively narrow. Journal of Natural Products 54 1: Heritiera littoralis occurs on the landward side of mangroves, where fresh water mixes with sea water or predominates.

Leaves simple, alternate; stipules free, lateral, cauducous; petiole mm, stout; lamina Use dmy dates from July Articles to be expanded from December All articles to be expanded Articles needing translation from Japanese Wikipedia Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category link from Wikidata Taxonbars with 20—24 taxon Heritiefa All stub articles. This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding heritjera in Japanese.


The fruit is split by the extruding thick, hard radicle, which develops into a primary root penetrating deeply into the soil. It can be downloaded from the Internet. Heritiera littoralis wood obtained from Carlton McLendon, Inc. Moreover, it occurs in too small quantities to allow cutting on a littorwlis scale.

Factsheet – Heritiera littoralis

In eastern Africa the tree boles are used to make masts of boats, for shipbuilding and furniture. Or, Login with your user account:. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 41 1: The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa.