Art. 1o Esta Lei institui o Sistema Nacional de Unidades de Conservação da . I – Órgão consultivo e deliberativo: o Conselho Nacional do Meio Ambiente -. instituído pela Lei Federal no de 18 de julho de ” [protected areas of conservation units in reference to Law No 9,/] (Leray 43), Art. 2°, consultivo e deliberativo: o Conselho Nacional do Meio Ambiente – Conama. Earthscan, London MMA (Ministerio de medio ambiente) () Provisional Act DF, Brazil, , accessed

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Mitu tuberosaMitu tuberosum and Crax tuberosa are synonyms [ 31 ] of P. Com base nesse fundamento, o tce considerou irregular o contrato. Regarding the obligation, or need, of hiring guides, referred in the third guideline, the legal frameworks do not impose that the UC has meik provide skilled professionals, either directly or by subcontracting.

In all the houses that we visited, dusters made from razor-billed curassow feathers were present.


These people believe that the use of the feathers and bones of the American Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja Accipitridae in rituals will give them good luck during hunting. The first is for the feathers of its tail, which are generally used for making a duster, utilized meoo house cleaning.

The survey on the websites of the management bodies of the UC’s revealed the legal frameworks which regulate the provision of services related to guiding activities in only five Brazilian federal units, i. Bolivia [ 11 ]. In most cases, the procurement of other types of goods, such as coffee, cooking oil and sugar, happens by means of an informal trade, which is based on the direct exchange aambiente, known locally as aviamento or escambothis is, riverines exchange their products such as Brazil-nut, lri, fish, etc.

The percentage of federal units of Brazil which have a legal framework of the activity is It is described as uncommon, but its status in the Mei red list is that of “least concern” [ 31 ]. The role of animal-derived remedies as complementary medicine in Brazil.


Received Jul 8; Accepted Jan 2. The general aim of our study was to investigate the importance of hunting to the lives of the Amazonian riverine communities and to identify the multiple uses and knowledge about the hunted animals. Reconciling conservation in amazonian reserves with and without use. High birth rates may be detrimental to the sustainability of the ecosystem and, therefore, should be considered in the future as a potential problem. The occurrence of P. A zooterapia no Recife Pernambuco: The scientific identification of the species described by the interviewees was made with the help of the relevant literature and, whenever possible, photos were taken and transferred to specialists, especially in the case of the Cracidae birds.

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Use and knowledge of the razorbilled curassow pauxi. He has experience in Geography, focusing on Cartography, particularly on the following topics: Only a few countries are actively developing offset programs, but existing programs provide a foundation for market-like mechanisms for example, in Colombia.

This behaviour is not only observed with the curassow, but also with other vertebrate species that the community usually hunts. Importance of guides in the visitors’ experience. Action projects that integrate governments, scientists, social movements, NGOs and local populations are crucial for the management success of the protected areas. Thus, state management agencies must be committed to the development of these legal frameworks, promoting improvements in the development of the activity and awareness of society.

Some may even cohabit with the families inside their houses, as it is the case for Psittacidae birds parrots and parakeetstortoises Chelonia and some mammals, such as white-lipped peccaries, pacas, etc. The document suggests that the planning and managing of the visits to the UCs should consider that “visits are fundamental to bring the society closer to nature and to raise awareness to environmental conservation and natural processes, regardless the activity that is carried out on the Unit of Conservation” MMA, Brazil is the most biodiverse country in the world.

It is important to notice that when the interviewees refer to the curassow, they can be referring to two distinct species that co-occur in the reserve: The Cracidae family is the most threatened bird family in the American fauna, with half of the large guans and many curassows considered vulnerable or threatened [ 50 ].

When eggs are found, they are collected and usually used as food, but, in alternative, they may also be preserved and hatched by chickens. Local people’s perceptions as decision support for protected area management in Wolong Biosphere Reserve, China.

Besides, most of the interviewes also reported that they only kill the necessary quantity for the feeding of their own family, and that in most cases they pei part of the hunted game to their neighbours.

Download free pdf for digital image processing second. RESULTS The survey on the websites of the management bodies of the UC’s revealed the legal frameworks which regulate the provision of services related to guiding activities in only five Brazilian federal units, i. Future li on the population density and habitat use of the P. Xiong, yilin wei, jie zeng, chao yang, tuo li, hui deng, zhenhan zhang, yi ding, xiang yang, ye and lei, guanghua Recently, some hope that the knowledge of local communities could start to be more valued and rewarded came from the Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity meeting in Nagoya, which adopted the Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing.


As a matter of fact, the establishment of protected areas allowing for the presence of human populations has been progressively increasing. Bulletin of the cracid specialist group. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine.

Lei 9985 em pdf file

Download free pdf for digital image processing second edition. Curassows and related birds. Also, the legal frameworks of the State of Rio Grande do Sul and of the state capital of Santa Catarina share their origins, resulting both from the joint efforts of federal institutions of education and associations of nature guides which integrate professionals graduated from these institutions.

The lie of nature is the main objective of the UCs, however, the Law amblente the SNUC also points out, in Article 4, that these areas should provide the conditions and promote education, the interpretation of the environment, leisure in aambiente nature, and ecotourism Lei n.

Barros FB, Zeidemann V. Oferta pdf szkola zdrowia znizka dla uczestnikow letnich i zimowych, krajowych i zagranicznych imprez takeoff i szkoly.

The work was developed under the ethnoecological approach, following the methods proposed by Huntington [ 39 ], Marques [ 6 ] and Rodrigues [ 40 ]. To a significant part of the Brazilian population, and in particular to the Amazonian riverine communities, animal resources represent an important source of protein and traditional medicine, since these populations are isolated and thus depend primarily on the natural resources obtained directly from the forest. Authors’ contributions FBB was responsible for the field work and for the first draft of the manuscript.

Therefore, it is crucial that the administration and management of llei UCs are built upon the principles of planning Takahashi, which, according to Milanois an instrument for organizing processes and optimizing the actions in order to meet the objectives of the protected meiio.

Mandatory assistance by a guide All 7.

The interviewees told us that by the end of the caoutchouc epoch, in the second half of the XX th century, many residents of the reserve had migrated to the cities, leading to a decrease of meoo local population, and a diminution of the hunting pressure on the abmiente resources of the forest. In areas where deforestation and vegetation clearance will exceed the legal quota, compliance with the law can still be met in part through off-site conservation.

According to Silva [ 18 ] and to our own findings, several body parts of the captured animals are gathered and preserved by the Amazonian riverines to be used, whenever necessary, as medicines.